California accounts for nearly 90 percent of the entire American wine production. Grapevines first appeared in this state in the 18th century. Brought here by the Spanish the vines were planted with each new mission they established. The first successful vineyard was planted, under the direction of Father Junipero Serra, at Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1783. The wine was used for religious sacraments as well as for daily life. The vineyard in this photograph is located in the Central Coast region of California in what is known as the 'San Lucas AVA' (Monterey County). The region has the largest diurnal temperature variation of any of California's AVA's (American Viticultural Areas). Many 'migrant workers' are hired to tend the vineyards and assist at harvest time though recent changes in labor and immigration laws have restricted this practice because many were found to be undocumented or illegal.
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